According to Purana Bhagwan Vishwakarma "The Lord of the Arts" Son of Brahma, is reverential because of his specialized knowledge and science not only for humans but also for deities. He architected and created Sone ki Lanka, Dwarka, Hastinapur and Indra prastha apart from Indrapuri, Kuberpuri and all building, vehicles for deities. Bhagwan Vishwakarm is also credited for creating the sacred weapons for Dieties including "Vajra" the sacred weapon of Lord Indra and "KaalDand" of Yamraaj. Lord Vishwakarma is regarded as the god of architecture and engineering
According to Vedas Vishwakarma created Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh and gave them power and direction to create and run the world.
Parmapita Vishwakarma created Gayatri from his body and gave birth of 5 Rishis so Vishwakarma had five sons - Manu, Maya, Twastha, Shilpi and Devagya.
The eldest son of Lord Vishwakarma was Sage Manu, married with Kanchna, daughter of Sage Angira. Sage Agnigarva and Sage Sarvatomukh were born in this clan. Second son was Sage Maya married with Soumya, daughter of Sage Parasar. Sage Oaj, Mahoaj, Vishnuvardhan and Suryatanti were born in this clan. Third son was Sage Twastha, he was married with Jayanti, daughter of Sage Kaushik. Fourth was Sage Shilpi, he was married with Karuna, daughter of Sage Bhrigu and Sage Devagya was the fifth son of Lord Vishwakarma, he was married with Chandrika, daughter of Sage Gemini.
These Rishis gotra are called as;
|Sanaga Gotra||Son of Sage Manu(Shiva) known as Blacksmith (Lohar).|
|Sanatana Gotra||Son of Sage Maya(Vishnu) known as Carpenter (Badhae).|
|Abhuvana gotra||Son of Saga Twashtha(Brahma) known as Bronze smith (Tamrak).|
|Pratanan Gotra||Son of Shilpi(Indra) know as Architects (Murtikar).|
|Suparna Gotra||Son of Devagya(Surya) know as Goldsmith (Sunar).|
These five gotras are further divided into a total of 25 sub-clans called as upagotras.
Virupasksha, Charuhasta, Bhadradatta, Brahmadikshita, Vedapala, Shilpi, Aditya, Yajna, Vipala, Revata and more.
Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated widely on every year 16 or 17 September. This is time of resolution and an inspiration for workers, craftsmen and engineers to create new products and increase productivity. They make resolution from this auspicious day to perform better. This ritual usually takes place within the factory, workshops and manufacturing unit premises.
History and spread
In most of these states, Lohars follow Brahmin rituals, rites and have Brahmin surnames. They perform Upanayanan sanskar ( Thread Ceremony ) and wear Janeo ( Thread ) for themselves and their children.